Course: Master of Arts in Library Science
School: University of Santo Tomas, Philippines
Subject Area: Information Literacy Skills
Year of Graduation: 2007
One of the most important agencies in the school is the library. This is where the foundation of lifetime learning starts through reading. Fostering competence and students' reading interest by using information and by working with educators in designing learning strategies to meet their needs is one of its main objectives. In order to carry out the library's goal to provide learning experiences that would help students become discriminating consumers and skilled creators of information, an effective Library Instruction Program (LIP) also known as Bibliographic Instruction (BI) needs to be developed.
Statement of the Problem
The study under investigation is premised on Booth and Fabian's student-centered development model which emphasizes the importance of interaction and collaboration among multiple stakeholders. Collaboration among faculty, administrators, and librarians is fundamental to Information Literacy (LI). A successful collaboration requires comprehensive planning and shared leadership. The teacher brings an understanding of the strengths, weaknesses, attitudes and interests of the students and of the content to be taught while the librarian, on the other hand, being the information collector and manager, is in the unique position to teach information literacy to students having a holistic knowledge of the school's curriculum.
The study generated both qualitative and quantitative data using multi-method approach that contains both formative and summative dimension which draws on a range of research strategies and techniques that will result in improved and enriched findings to yield greater understanding of what is happening, why is it happening and how is it happening.
Findings reveal that the student respondents are more exposed to bibliographic skills (AWM=3.17) than research skills (AWM=2.86) and information literacy skills (AWM=2.63). This is evident with the Grade 7 students since there is a high and significant difference in the level of their exposure to the different library skills rather than the other grade levels for they have stayed longer in the school and have much more experience in applying the different library skills to their studies. Using Sandler's A-test for small samples showed that there is no significant difference in the library instruction program rendered by the reading teachers vis a vis library instruction rendered by the school librarians, hence (A=0.327 > .293) at 0.05 level of significance. Findings also reveal that there is a substantial or marked coefficient or correlation (0.70) at 0.05 significance level. Such findings imply that both library instructions rendered by the reading teachers and the school librarians would entice their students to use the library to a great extent. The coefficient of determination (.49) explains how the respondent students perceived the motivational quality of library instructions as provided by the reading teachers and the school librarians.
On the whole, analysis of the results of the survey instruments indicate that there is still a need to improve the present instruction program of Miriam College Grade School as rendered by the school librarians to their students. Emphasis must be given on the development of information literacy skills as suggested by the reading teachers and the use of the internet for research as suggested by the student respondents. The librarian's method of teaching also needs to be improved and enhanced using different media in order to maintain students' interest to ensure effectiveness of instruction.